Castells, Manuel. “Prologue, Chap. 1, Chap. 5” in The Rise of the Network Society. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. pgs. 1-76, 355-406 (NYU eBrary)

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Chapter 5: The Future of Literature” in Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame, Ind: University of Notre Dame, 2008. (pg. 159-186) (NYU ebrary)

Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. “Introduction”, “Every Contact Leaves a Trace”, and “Extreme Inscription” in Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2008. (pg. 1-71) (DO NOT READ WHOLE PDF)

Leonardi, Paul M. “Digital Materiality? How Artifacts Without Matter, Matter.” First Monday 15, no. 6 (2010).