Readings

Gitelman, Lisa. “Patent Instrument and Reading Machine“. In Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1999. p. 97-147

Gitelman, Lisa. “New Media Users“. in Always Already New. p. 59-86

In Gitelman, Lisa, and Geoffrey B. Pingree, eds. New Media, 1740-1915. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2003.*

  • Katherine Stubbs, “Telegraphy’s Corporeal Fictions”, p. 91-111
  • Laura Burd Schiavo, “From Phantom Image to Perfect Vision: Physiological Optics, Commercial Photography, and the Popularization of the Stereoscope”, p. 112-137

Kittler, Friedrich A. “Typewriter“. In Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1999. p. 183-263