Browse Items (509 total)

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Magnetic Tape was invented by Fritz Pfleumer in 1928, improving on earlier designs for magnetic wire by Oberlin Smith in 1882. Pfleumer’s innovation was to use a celluloid sheet coated in ferric oxide powder. By charging a magnetic coil or…
Item Type: Technology

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These popular models are called “automatic” because the sheet feeder is automatic, which both reduces the amount of work the printer (human) has to do and increases the number of impressions to 2 to 3 times the amount the Gordon Jobber could produce.
Item Type: Event

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The Kluge, invented by Kluge & Brandtjen in 1931, was an “automatoc platen press.” It built off previous automatic, internal parts Kluge & Brandtjen had built for other makes and models of presses.
The Kluge was a wartime success. Every U.S.…
Item Type: Technology

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The Ribbon mic was invented by Harry F Olsen for RCA in the 1930’s, building off of work conducted by Dr Shottky and Gerlach in the 1920’s. The microphone improved immensely on earlier and alternative methods of recording by using a small nickel…
Item Type: Technology

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Contax cameras were 35mm cameras manufactured by Zeiss Ikon AG. The Contax I was advertised as a versatile camera with interchangeable lens options as well as other camera accessories in order to appeal to professional and amateur photographers alike…
Item Type: Technology

Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics, 1933
The first modern American comic book, Famous Funnies, demonstrates that there is a widespread consumer market for text and fixed image media. Marketing of comic books begins in earnest, and is primarily directed at young men and boys. In the 1940s…
Item Type: Event

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Alan Blumein experimented and succeeded in recording two-tracks of sound to create a sound-scape, or stereo sound by utilizing both a single groove’s alternate walls to record both signals. Stereo-sound is far more accurate in rendering a recording…
Item Type: Event

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Based on the invention of the recovery boiler, which allows pulping to take place as a closed-cycle system, the Kraft Process for pulp paper making becomes more efficient than other chemical processes. The recovery boiler collects the used chemicals,…
Item Type: Event

Figure 1: Kodak Slide Transparencies
Once photography became a stronghold for both professional and personal documentation, the technology continued to develop to become increasingly user-friendly and stable. Many early techniques were laborious and if not conducted properly, the…
Item Type: Technology

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Often coupled with the Social Security Act of 1935, which prohibited domestic servants and agricultural workers (at the time predominantly African American, Mexican, and Asian) from benefiting from social security, the Wagner Act was passed a month…
Item Type: Event

Initially developed for motion pictures, color film experienced its commercial birth in the form of Kodachrome (“Milestones”). The 35mm photographic film allowed amateur photographers to take color photographss through three emulsion layers, invented…
Item Type: Event

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At the onset of mass production, higher quality paper covers protected the magazine-size publications whose interior pages were made from the much cheaper pulp paper. The brightly colored, hand painted covers appealed to both adult and young adult…
Item Type: Technology

Captain America, 1969
The WWB was created upon request by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. It paired writers with government and non-government agencies to write propaganda that would aid the Allied forces during World War II. The Pulp Writer's Committee created…
Item Type: Event

Two men pose while holding a brutalized man
During World War II, there was large influx of black migrants from the South taking jobs in defense plants, which in turn caused a housing shortage and intense competition for jobs between Black Americans and whites in the North. This racial tension…
Item Type: Event

Shirley Card
Shirley Card Shirley Cards are references photos from Kodak used for technicians to balance exposure, colors, and hues; these photographs were used all over the world, wherever Kodak printers were used. Technicians in film labs use these reference…
Item Type: Technology

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Also known as Operation Overlord, the amphibious D-Day invasions at Normandy began at 6:30am. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis had occupied northwestern France since May 1940, and subsequent plans to liberate France from Nazi rule were devised. Allied…
Item Type: Event

A year after the conclusion of World War II, a group of journalists founded the National Press Photographers Association, an entity that is still active today. Their mission statement is as follows: “The National Press Photographers Association is…
Item Type: Event

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With the end of WWII came a new class of consumers. Young people began to benefit from a time of great economic prosperity, particulalry as a result of the Employment Act of 1946. The act provided the opportunity for employment to anyone "able,…
Item Type: Event

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The transistor was invented at Bell labs by Bardeen and Brattain in 1947. It improved upon earlier designs like Lilienfield’s solid-state amplifier, which due to the lack of semi-conductor materials int he 1920’s found no commercial application…
Item Type: Technology

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Bing Crosby is approached by engineers from AMPEX who successfully market magnetic tape as a way to record, and splice segments of radio performance to create pre-recorded versions of what had typically been broadcast live.
Item Type: Event
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