Browse Items (509 total)

Landmarks of a face
Facial recognition software utilizes automated computational analysis to recognize and then measure the various features of a face. Since every face has different distinguishable “landmarks,” or different shapes and contours that define facial…
Item Type: Technology

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Much like the Gordon Jobber became the grandfather of the letter press, so did the Fourdrinier machine become the grandfather of the paper making machines. Alternately called the “paper machine,” the Fourdrinier machine was invented and patented by…
Item Type: Technology

Large Hoe Single Sheet Machine
The rotary press imprinted images using a rotating cylinder, which allowed for faster, more efficient, and higher quality printing. At upwards of 8,000 pages an hour, the steam-powered rotary press further increased the speed at which materials could…
Item Type: Technology

Biunial Magic Lantern
When thinking of magic lanterns, fine art education isn’t what necessarily comes to mind, however this technology served as a precursor to more modern day technologies, such as slide projectors and PowerPoint, and helped promote the use of…
Item Type: Technology

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One of the first black men to open his own establishment in antebellum New York City, Pete Williams' dance hall is said to have birthed what we know to be modern tap dancing. At Almack's Dance Hall, located in the Five Points district of Lower…
Item Type: Event

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Rotary press for commercial mass production invented by Richard M. Hoe. Powered by steam, this produces millions of copies per day, but is not used for pamphlets or small runs, for which handpress is mainly used and then letterpress.
Item Type: Event

Magic Lantern Slide Lecture
In 1849, Frederick and William Langenheim, German-born brothers who became prominent commercial photographers in Philadelphia, gave their first public magic lantern show using photographic slides known as hyalotypes. This event was a culmination of…
Item Type: Event

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In 1829, Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre struck a partnership with fellow inventor Joseph-Nicephore Niépce to develop a method for capturing the fleeting images visible in a camera obscura. The two first successfully establish the daguerreotype process…
Item Type: Technology

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Although an advancement from the expensive tin-plate portraiture daguerreotype method, the wet-plate process is characterized as the infancy of photography (Gidley 2011). Wet-plate cameras were large and heavy, but relatively portable thanks to…
Item Type: Technology

CMYK Color Model
Advancements in color ink technology allowed for brightly colored mass-produced serials that appealed to a wider audience. Serialized publication of original comics began to fill a niche in newfound consumer demographics. For the first time, the…
Item Type: Technology

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Prior to the advent of wood pulp paper, most paper was made from rag pulp. Collecting used rags to make paper was economical but limiting. When the rags ran out, so did the paper and it was expensive to use new cloth. These limitations kept the price…
Item Type: Technology

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Referred to as the turning point of the Civil War for Union forces, the Battle of Gettysburg provided ample photographic opportunities for photographers such as Alexander Gardner. After an overwhelming victory at Chancellorsville, General Robert E.…
Item Type: Event

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The new style Gordon Jobber, also referred to as the Franklin jobber, was a letter press, or a “platen” press. The basis for the design of most jobbers afterward, this was the primary press for hobbyists, because it emphasized small-run,…
Item Type: Event

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Thomas Edison’s recording of Mary Had a Little Lamb in upstate New York marks the first time in history that sound was recorded and played back. The recording itself is remarkable in that it survives to this day, and the excitement and surprise in…
Item Type: Event

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The Phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1878, building off of several prototypes most notably the Phonautograph, which was a machine designed to ‘write’ audio rather than play it back (Rutgers: The Edison Papers), (UCSB: Cylinder Archive).…
Item Type: Technology

Stephen Horgan's "A Scene from Shantytown, New York"
In the late 1870s, the halftone process first took hold as an effective method for cheaply and sufficiently printing images. In 1880, the New York Daily Graphic printed Stephen Horgan’s image ‘A Scene from Shantytown, New York’ which was a…
Item Type: Event

Criminal I.D. card
In 1883, a French criminologist by the name of Alphonse Bertillon invented the first system of recording physical measurements, taking photographs, and record-keeping for police to identify criminals. Before Bertillon, suspects were only identified…
Item Type: Technology

George Eastman and William H. Walker developed a roll holder for Eastman Negative Paper, a precursor to photographic film (“Milestones”). These advances lead to the first Kodak camera—a portable and easy to use option compared to wet-plate cameras.…
Item Type: Event

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With the development of George Eastman’s paper film came the first Kodak camera. In 1886, Eastman got a patent to incorporate the roll holder he had developed with William H. Walker into a camera (“Milestones”). Patent 6950 describes the Kodak…
Item Type: Technology

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George Phineas Gordon created the Franklin Press, also known as the Gordon Jobber, beginning in 1852, and releasing models all the way through the 1880’s. Gordon, who was a spiritualist, claimed that Benjamin Franklin had come to him with the design…
Item Type: Technology
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