Browse Items (16 total)

  • Tags: Many To Many: A History of Platform Communities

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Coffee-houses are closely associated with the intellectual culture of the 18th-century Enlightenment, but the first one was opened during England’s Interregnum period in 1642 by an immigrant from Smyrna named Pasqua Rosee (Ellis 2004).

In the…
Item Type: Event

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The “tax on knowledge,” as it was called, had been introduced in 1797 and severely restricted the public press in Britain (Starr 2005).

The long-awaited reform of this act allowed for a flourishing of the popular press, especially coupled with a…
Item Type: Event

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The beginning of the wireless age began at the turn of the century with Marconi’s advances in telecommunications.

Because a “telegraph operation benefited from a network effect whereby the value of its business increased with the number of users…
Item Type: Event

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During World War I, all amateur radio operation was banned. After the war ended, service was allowed to restart on October 1, 1919.

Leon Deloy, in France, communicated with Fred Schnell, in Hartfort CT, in November 1923, after visiting America…
Item Type: Event

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The PLATO system, an in-house supercomputer-based computing network at the University of Illinois, was generally used for teaching and research.

A teenage student, David R. Woolley, developed an intra-PLATO communication system called “Notes” in…
Item Type: Event

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The WELL (Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link) was a project of the Whole Earth Catalog, Stewart Brand’s consumer listings magazine focused on sustainability, repair, DIY, and product reviews. Readers already communicated via the catalog’s pages, and when…
Item Type: Event

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Prior to 1993, new users of Usenet had arrived reliably early each fall, when a new freshman class entered universities and gained access to high-speed connections and computer hardware. During the school year they would assimilate into the existing…
Item Type: Event

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This forum software began as an open-source clone of commercial forum package UBB.

The software was free to use and became popular starting in 2002, when a completely rewritten and updated version 2.0 was released.
By the mid-2000s it was used…
Item Type: Event

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The rise of influence of the religious/political “Platform,” as a physical location, did not always allow for the participation of the working class and the poor (Elkins 1980). There were restrictions on their time due to their labor obligations;…
Item Type: Technology

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Before the introduction in 1840 of the Penny Black stamp in England, postage was complicated and frequently expensive, limiting the degree to which the larger population could freely utilize the public postal system.

During the pre-reform…
Item Type: Technology

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Amateur, or ham, radio, was the successor to the amateur wired telegraphy of the late 19th century. The first wireless telegraph club was founded in 1908 at Columbia University; in between this date and the rise of commercial radio, the mania for…
Item Type: Technology

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Beginning with the introduction of telephone service in the late 1800s, the “party line” could connect everyone in the same community (often rural) along one phone line. The Rural Electrification Act of 1935 increased the number of rural communities…
Item Type: Technology

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Superseding the short-lived Bell 101 modem, the Bell 103 modem introduced in 1962 set the standard for networked computer communication for years to come. The technology was developed, as its name indicates, at Bell Labs, and was released by AT&T for…
Item Type: Technology

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Beginning in the late 1970s, BBS software allowed computer users with modems to “dial in” to bulletin boards running on a computer within local calling distance. These communities could be run by anyone with a working system and could only be “called…
Item Type: Technology

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GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) is a mobile data service technology that provided the main bridging link between 2G and 3G mobile services. The GPRS technology linked its users together via the private GRX (GPRS Roaming Exchange) networks, which…
Item Type: Technology

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In a story now well-known and heavily mythologized, Facebook was founded at Harvard in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg as a social network for students, inspired partially by the “face book” directories at the school which allowed students to view each…
Item Type: Event
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