Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1979

On September 9, 1979, a group of enslaved Africans met on the banks of the Stono River in South Carolina to stage a rebellion. They stole weapons and began killing white masters and freeing enslaved people. As the rebellion grew in numbers, some began to loudly play drums, dance, and sing, using vestiges of their African culture to rally more members to their cause. While enslaved Africans’ music and musical instruments had always been repressed, the quelling of the Stone Rebellion led to the Slave Act of 1740 which banned enslaved people from using
instruments that may inspire ‘wicked purposes.’


Brown, Ernest D., Jr. "African American Instrument Construction and Music Making." 2015. African American Music, edited by M. Burnim and P. Maultsby, New York, Routledge, 2015, pp. 23-28.
Conway, Cecilia. African Banjo Echoes: A Study of Folk Traditions. Edited by Patrick B. Mullen, Knoxville, U of Tennessee P, 1995. American Folklore Society, New Series.
Peretti, Burton W. "Signifying Freedom: Protest in  Nineteenth-Century African American Music." The Routledge History of Social Protest in Popular Music, edited by Jonathan C. Friedman, New York, Taylor and Francis, 2013, pp. 3-18.
Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York, Knopf, 1974.

Drum in Stono Rebellion. Abagond, stono-rebellion.png.
Stono Rebellion. African Diaspora, Ph.d, Jessica Marie Johnson,africandiasporastudent. soulevement _des_negres_1759ftd-e1378134687851.png.