1933: The New Studio


Masaoka found the new studio called Masaoka Cinematic Art Research Center which marked the transformation of anime. With adequate funding mostly from his family, he introduced sound technique and special-effects in filming, steering the industry from conventional cutout animation towards celluloid animation. And coincidentally the Dainihon Celluloid corporation set up their subsidiary company Fuji Film in 1934, providing the raw material for cel animation with more ease. In his studio Masaoka trained a large number of junior animators under the system of collective production, and his successors helped Japanese animation back to its track after the war. With the great achievements in filmmaking and in making the industry sustainable, Masaoka has been acclaimed as “the father of Japanese animation”.


Nobuyuki, Tsugata in Japanese Animation : East Asian Perspectives, edited by Masao Yokota, and Tze-yue G. Hu, University Press of Mississippi, 2013.