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Rotary Printing Press

Creator
Richard March Hoe
Date(s)
1843

After a long time of evolution, printing technology reached a time of change in 1843. Richard March Hoe's family owned a steam-powered printing manufactory. When Richard became the head of the company in 1833, he decided to change the flatbed printing press to improve the printing efficiency. He successfully invented rotary printing press powered by steam, which "was placed on a revolving cylinder that the paper ran under" (Acevedo, 1843). A rotary printing press "consists of two cylinders turning in opposite directions"(Encyclopedia Britannica), and the printing plates are curved around one of the plate cylinders. While rotating, the impression cylinder presses the paper to the inked plates and gets the curved contents. The invention of rotary printing press significantly increased printing efficiency and saved time for modern printing work. According to the statistics on Encyclopedia Britannica, "paper passes through some presses at nearly 20 miles (30 km) per hour...large presses can print up to 60,000 copies of 128 standard-size pages in an hour".

Sources
“1843: Steam- Powered Rotary Drum Printing Invented | History of Innovation.” n.d. Accessed May 11, 2018. https://aehistory.wordpress.com/1843/10/08/1843-steam-powered-rotary-drum-printing-invented/.

“Rotary Press | Printing | Britannica.Com.” n.d. Accessed May 11, 2018. https://www.britannica.com/technology/rotary-press.

Meggs, Philip B. 1998. A History of Graphic Design (Third ed.), 147. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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