On the one hand, the development of the satellite industry and satellite television was made possible by a variety of factors, for example the advent of the space program, advances in digital technology, and the efforts of pioneering individuals like Arthur C. Clarke, who first suggested the concepts for a worldwide satellite communications system (SBCA 2018). On the other hand, the advancement of the satellite industry also has “revolutionized popular entertainment and sparked an explosion in technological development” (Dewsbury, 2012)
The first live broadcast was on July 12, 1962 and it showed an image broadcast from the UK to the U.S. through Telstar, a spherical satellite built by AT&T. Millions of people witnessed this historic broadcast for the first time and tremendous impact has been cast on the public and the society (SBCA 2018). After this live broadcast, the “age of satellite television had dawned” (Klein 2012).
Generally speaking, satellite TV is a type of television programming that is wirelessly delivered to TV sets, Local and regional satellite TV systems will receive broadcast signals from satellites that orbits the earth (Xfinity 2017). The outdoor parabolic antenna, which is commonly known as a satellite dish will receive signals and transmit them to a receiver. Then the receiver can decode the desired television program for audience. Early satellite systems used analog signals, but modern ones mostly use digital signals, which is more efficient and could provide more high-definition programs for audience.
Satellite televisions have some advantages over cable televisions, first, it can provide more programs for audience by receiving signals sent from satellites. Second, it could transmit distant signals to remote areas without degrading much of the quality of those signals. Third, satellite television has fundamentally changed the form of television programs and the mode of television-viewing experiences. After satellites have been used for television, live broadcasting has become possible, which could greatly enrich the form of television programming. And by watching those live broadcasts, audience can receive messages in a more direct way.
Image of Satellite: http://www.sbca.com/assets/images/photos/library/tced0080.jpg
Federal Communications Commission. “Installing Consumer-Owned Antennas and Satellite Dishes”. Federal Communications Commission. Accessed May 8, 2018.
Klein, Christopher. “The Birth of Satellite TV, 50 Years Ago”. History. July 23, 2012.
Rick Dewsbury. “Fifty years of satellite TV: How the world's first television broadcasts were beamed across the world”. Daily Mail. Last updated July 23, 2012. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2177590/Fifty-years-satellite-TV-How-worlds-television-broadcasts-beamed-world.html
Satellite Broadcasting & Communications Association. “Industry History”. Satellite Broadcasting & Communications Association. Accessed May 9, 2018.
Xfinity. “An Overview of Satellite TV”. Xfinity. July 07, 2017. https://www.xfinity.com/hub/tv-video/satellite-tv