"Jump Jim Crow" and the Birth of the Minstrel Show
T.D. Rice performed a song and dance routine based on a disabled slave he observed during his travels. This “Jim Crow” character became immediately popular with Northern, middle-class audiences, inspiring generations of blackface performers well into the 20th Century. The iconography borne from the minstrel tradition continues to shape American entertainment.
(1) “Thomas D. Rice - Wikipedia.” Wikipedia, accessed on December 7th, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_D._Rice.
(2) "File: Callender's Colored Minstrels plantation scene.jpg.jpg - WikiMedia Commons" WikiMedia Commons, accessed on December 7th, 2019. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Callender%27s_Colored_Minstrels_plantation_scene.jpg.